Click here for printable PDF of this guide
Click here for a copy of the APA Guide to Electronic References, Sixth Edition, 2012
For full information on APA style, see: American Psychological Association. (2010). (6th ed.). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington, DC: Author. The call number is REF 808.06615 P976a for the reference copy, and 808.06615 P976a for the circulating copies.
In APA documentation style, document your study by citing the author and date of each work you researched. This style of citation briefly identifies the source for readers and enables them to locate the source in the alphabetical reference list at the end of your paper (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010). Include page number(s) when referencing a direct quote or when referring to a specific portion of text (APA, 2010, p. 179). Start the reference list on a new page, center the word References at the top, double-space all reference entries in a hanging indent format (APA, 2010, p.37). See pages 198-224 of the APA manual for their complete list of reference examples. References in APA style conform to these examples:
Book by a single author:
Nicolson, I. (1981). Gravity, black holes and the universe. New York: John Wiley.
Electronic version of a print book:
Dutton, D. G. (2007). The abusive personality [ebrary version]. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/lib/strose/docDetail.action?docID=10176566
Article in a Reference Book:
Dahl, R. A. (1968). Power. In International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. (Vol. 12, pp. 405-415). New York: Macmillan.
Article in a print scholarly journal:
Frog, K., Piggy, M., & Bear, F. (1989). Muppet emotive and sensory-motor responses to tined object in bifurcated route. Journal of Obfuscatory Analysis, 15, 35-46.
Article in an electronic scholarly journal with a digital object identifier (doi):
O'Brien, C. M. (1996). Health and environmental effects on the academic readiness of school-age children. Developmental Psychology, 32, 515-522. doi: 10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1685
Article in an electronic scholarly journal without a doi:
Frog, K., Piggy, M., & Bear, F. (1989). Muppet emotive and sensory-motor responses to tined object in bifurcated route. Journal of Obfuscatory Analysis, 15, 35-46. Retrieved from http://swamp.muppet.org/roadtrip.htm
Springate, I., Atkinson, M., Straw, S. (2008) Narrowing the gap in outcomes. Berkshire, United Kingdom: National Foundation for Educational Research. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED504633)
World Wide Web page:
Black, S. (2009). Who has time for all this? Retrieved from http://www.website.org.
The American Psychological Association has additional resources to supplement the Manual at http://www.apastyle.org/apa-style-help.aspx.